Ram bhatta dissertation

According to James Lochtefeld, the word connotes a "playful drama about Rama", where it is both entertainment and a "deeply serious religious act" that has spiritual significance to both the actors and the audience. According to the Vaishnava thought, the Supreme Being Vishnu has no need to create the empirical world, he just descends as an avatar and manifests in the empirical world to "spontaneously, joyfully, disinterestedly play a part" or engage in "sports". Performance arts are an ancient Indian tradition, with the Sanskrit Hindu text Natya Shastra explaining the importance of performing arts as follows:

Ram bhatta dissertation

According to James Lochtefeld, the word connotes a "playful drama about Rama", where it is both entertainment and a "deeply serious religious act" that has spiritual significance to both the actors and the audience.

According to the Vaishnava thought, the Supreme Being Vishnu has no need to create the empirical world, he just descends as an avatar and manifests in the empirical world to "spontaneously, joyfully, disinterestedly play a part" or engage in "sports". Performance arts are an ancient Indian tradition, with the Sanskrit Hindu text Natya Shastra explaining the importance of performing arts as follows: Combined with an epic story, tending to virtue, wealth, joy and spiritual freedom, it must contain the significance of every scripture, and forward every art.

It is unclear however as to when the first performances of Ramlila were held. The first enactment of Ramcharitmanas by 16th century Tulsidas is undocumented, but according to the tradition, his student Megha Bhagat started the Ramcharitmanas-based Ramlila in Further, states Brockington, the Hindu epics are too vast, with the Ramayana containing 20, verses and the Mahabharata withverses, to have been preserved over two thousand years without being written down and without reciting and acting out.

It is therefore unlikely that the Ramlila tradition emerged only in the modern era. However, states Hein, a dance-drama form of Ramayana enactment flourished at least in the Mathura region much earlier, possibly around the early centuries of the common era by the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism.

He traces the evidence for this in the KathakaliYaksaganaKathak and other Indian classical dances which share segments, themes and styles with Ramlila. Niehus wrote another from Ghazipur in Hein reported his observations from Ramilila in Mathura.

The Ramlila is the story of Hindu god Rama from his birth. The epic recites his childhood along with those of others who are major characters in it, such as Sita, Lakshmana, Ravana and others. It includes chapters on the marriage of Sita and Rama, the exile of Rama because Dharma requires him to give up his throne, Sita and Lakshmana joining him in the exile, their journeys through India and they meeting revered Rishis of Hinduism, the abduction of Sita by demon Ravana, the sorrow of Rama and Lakshmana, their hopelessness, how they creatively build an army from other living beings in the forest such as monkeys, their journey to Lanka to confront Ravana, the battle between the good and evil, the destruction of Ravana, the return of Rama to Ayodhya and as king, and the life thereafter.

It is organized in numerous villages, towns and neighborhoods during the autumn Navratri festival season which typically falls in September or October. The festival is both a religious and cultural event, bringing the population together, states UNESCO, "without distinction of caste, religion or age".

The large effigy is of Ravana who is destroyed at the end. Traditionally organized in a makeshift open-air theatre at night, it is usually staged by amateur acting teams drawn from all segments of the society. The recitations and the narrative of the play are usually based on Ramacharitamanas.

The dialog is improvised, and often responsive to audience reactions. Dhol drummers and other musicians participate. The atmosphere is usually festive and free, with the audience whistling and commenting as the story proceeds.

The stage is surrounded by food stalls and larger productions have a fair nearby.

Gayatri Mantra - Wikipedia

Surrounding areas temporarily transform into bazaars to cater to the audience. A committee samiti heads the preparation. Actors typically don't get paid, or get paid little for their efforts, but they are provided free food and accommodation by the villagers or committee.

Performance costs are usually financed by fundraising in the community, often by self-organized Ramlila Committees. In major productions, the audience walk with the actors from one site to another, they chant or co-recite passage, they immerse themselves as minor or significant characters in the play, while the major roles are played by a troupe of artists.

The audience cheers when the good gets the upper hand, they are sorrowful when a wrong happens such as the kidnapping of Sita and her imprisonment against her will by demon Ravana.

They participate in the burning of the effigies, and the community welcome during the return of Rama back to Ayodhya. It is theologically an immersion experience.

Ram bhatta dissertation

Just other folk theatre form of India, like Jatra of Bengal, topic themes are often interwoven in the script to had relevance and sometimes humour is used to offer a critic or commentary over current happenings. The plays sponsored by the Maharaja, are performed in Ramnagar every evening for 31 days.

It is known for its lavish sets, dialogues and visual spectacle. In Ramnagar, a number of stages have been constructed by the town, each named after the major sites of events in the Ramayana epic. The permanent structures and several temporary structure serve as sets, to represent locations like Ashok VatikaJanakpuri, PanchavatiLanka etc.

Hence the entire city turn into a giant open-air set, and audience moves along with the performers with every episode, to the next locale. As the play progresses, the actors and audience move from one place to another, they join the chorus, giving the feel that the audience is participating and is a part of the play.International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research.

The Gāyatrī, also known as the Sāvitrī mantra, is a highly revered mantra from the Rig Veda (Mandala ), dedicated to Savitr, the sun deity. Gāyatrī is the name of the Vedic meter in which the verse is composed.

Its recitation is traditionally preceded by oṃ and the formula bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ, known as the mahāvyāhṛti, or "great (mystical) utterance". Ramlila (Rāmlīlā) (literally 'Rama’s lila or play') is any dramatic folk re-enactment of the life of Rama according to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana or secondary literature based on it such as the Ramcharitmanas.

It particularly refers to the thousands of Hindu god Rama-related dramatic plays and dance events, that are staged during the annual autumn festival of Navratri in India.

International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research. Ramlila (Rāmlīlā) (literally 'Rama’s lila or play') is any dramatic folk re-enactment of the life of Rama according to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana or secondary literature based on it such as the Ramcharitmanas.

It particularly refers to the thousands of Hindu god Rama-related dramatic plays and dance events, that are staged during the annual .

The Gāyatrī, also known as the Sāvitrī mantra, is a highly revered mantra from the Rig Veda (Mandala ), dedicated to Savitr, the sun deity. Gāyatrī is the name of the Vedic meter in which the verse is composed.

Its recitation is traditionally preceded by oṃ and the formula bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ, known as the mahāvyāhṛti, or "great (mystical) .

Ramlila - Wikipedia