Download Dissertation Abstract Lord of the Flies is the first and most famous novel of William Golding, and ithas a glorious position in the history of modern British novel. This is a fable with anidea of a nuclear war in future. The two World Wars, especially the Second WorldWar have brought great sufferings to people, which urged people to think abouthumanity.
There is a particular kind of intertextuality specific to postmodernist literature that differs from previous uses of intertextual references. Postmodernist intertextuality is deconstructive, self-reflexive and critical of Western hegemonic discourses and metanarratives.
This specific kind of intertextuality is a key element of postmodernist art. The first part of this work is going to outline some of the social and historical developments that have been associated with the postmodern condition and the rise of new art forms which respond to these changes.
This definition helps understand the interaction between postmodern theory and postmodernist art, which, as I will argue, are both directed against the same universalist assumptions. Post-structuralism presents a major point of departure for postmodern theory. Many of the theoretical sources I quote are strongly influenced by post-structuralist thought.
Postmodern theory, post-structuralism and postmodernism as aesthetic practice are all deeply concerned with questions of textuality and power. Although Derrida very seldom writes explicitly about political issues, the political potential of his problematizing of language as motivated and hierarchical is all but insignificant.
She thus identifies in postmodernism the same concerns — language, power, history — that are so prominent in the works of Lyotard, Foucault and Derrida, to name only a few. According to Hutcheon, postmodernism attempts to challenge Western hegemonic discourses by ironically revisiting and rewriting the stories and histories of the past, thereby both exposing their artificiality and giving a voice to those silenced by standard history.
Bakhtin and His World Literary texts, according to Bakhtin, interact with the historical and social forces at work at the time of their production, engaging in turn in a dialogue with these structures.
Historiographic metafiction and dialogism are intertextual concepts, as are, to some extent, discourse analysis and deconstruction. Intertextual insofar as their critique operates by placing texts in relation to other texts. Intertextuality consequently marks a relativizing move that is in tune with the post-structuralist and postmodernist challenging of universalist notions of truth.
I furthermore suggest that intertextuality is the most prominent strategy of deconstruction within postmodernist literature, as it undermines monolithic discourses and exposes the relativity and plurality of meaning that postmodern theory propagates.
Firstly, postmodernist intertextuality is political and conscious. It describes deliberate reference to other texts in order to undermine the discourses and metanarratives that legitimate dominant power structures.
However, this concept strongly inspires postmodernist intertextuality, since the interdependence of cultural practices is one of the ideas it draws attention to. The main focus of this study are actual written texts, though I would include film and other related genres and media here as well. Postmodernist intertextuality challenges hegemonic discourses by confronting them with subversive alternatives.
Other, often unconscious, prejudices and biases are first drawn attention to and subsequently subverted. At the same time, postmodernist literature is intensely self-reflexive, flaunting the awareness of its own textuality.
In spite of that, or rather because of that, it can in turn influence other discourses that shape our reality. These intertextual structures will be the subject of their own section.
Many intertextual references within Cloud Atlas are explicit — the names of Melville and Defoe, for example are mentioned in the travelogue chapter, as are the names of Huxley and Orwell in the dystopian fifth chapter.
I am going to analyse the effects of these different kinds of intertextuality and in how far they correspond to postmodernist notions of textuality and history. This part is furthermore going to examine several motifs and metaphors that recur throughout the novel.
I am going to analyse how they connect the individual narratives and whether these repetitions indicate the existence of an underlying pattern. Every narrative of Cloud Atlas evokes a different genre, first installing and then subverting generic conventions in order to expose their artificiality and ideological motivations.
These different forms and conventions will be analysed in the second part of the textual analysis. Obviously, it is not possible here to elaborate on each and every intertextual reference in the novel, as there are too many of them and it is not my incentive to engage in source criticism.
Instead, I am going to concentrate on a number of select texts that I consider fruitful to an intertextual reading of Cloud Atlas and to analyse what effects these references may have on the process of interpretation.
Intertextual references present a vast semantic potential that opens up the literary text and invites the reader to participate in the construction of meaning. In the following I will propose a reading that is strongly influenced by the notions of postmodernism and intertextuality that I have mentioned.
The process itself is highly selective and subjective. I first identify intertextual references within the text. I am aware that many, if not all, of those references I choose to neglect may allow for different readings, as they open up new perspectives on the text.
I furthermore assume that many subtle intertextual references have gone unnoticed, due to a possible lack of familiarity with the intertext.PO POMO: THE POST POSTMODERN CONDITION A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the of Georgetown University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Art and Museum Studies By Paula B.
Washington D.C. April 27, ii Postmodernism is a term that first began being used in the s to.
This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations at Iowa State University Digital Noe, Jason Robert, "Modernism, postmodernism, and the Grateful Dead: the evolution of the psychedelic avant-garde" (). This is to certify that the Master's thesis of Jason .
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Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism. The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era.
(In this context, "modern" is not used in. Master of Arts in Corporate Communication Language and Communication School of Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University Postmodern Approaches to Stakeholder Relations this thesis argues that if postmodernism can generally be considered as a characteristic of the.
PO POMO: THE POST POSTMODERN CONDITION A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the of Georgetown University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Art and Museum Studies By Paula B.
Hartness, B.A. Washington D.C. April 27, ii Postmodernism is a term that first began being used in the s .