The impact of pollution is more severe in developing countries, leading to ill health, death and disabilities of millions of people annually.
Third World pollution As the countries of the Third World struggle with population growthpoverty, famines, and wars, their residents are discovering the environmental effects of these problems, in the form of increasing air, water, and land pollution.
Pollution is almost unchecked in many developing nations, where Western nations dump toxic wastes and untreated sewage flows into rivers. Many times, the choice for Third World governments is between poverty or poison, and basic human needs like food, clothing, and shelter take precedence.
Industrialized nations often dump wastes in developing countries where there is little or no environmental regulation, and governments may collect considerable fees for accepting their garbage.
InWorld Watch magazine reported that Western companies dumped more than 24 million tons 22 million metric tons of hazardous waste in Africa alone during Companies can also export industrial hazards by moving their plants to countries with less restrictive pollution control laws than industrialized nations.
This was the case with Union Carbine, which moved its chemical manufacturing plant to Bhopal, Indiato manufacture a product it was not allowed to make in the United States.
As Western nations enact laws promoting environmental and worker safety, more manufacturers have moved their hazardous and polluting factories to less developed countrieswhere there are little or no environmental or occupations laws, or no enforcement agencies.
Hazardous industries such as textile, petrochemicaland chemical production, as well as smelting and electronics, have migrated to Latin AmericaAfrica, Asia, and Eastern Europe. For example, IBM, General Motors, and Sony have established manufacturing plants in Mexico, and some of these have created severe environmental problems.
At least 10 million gal 38 million L of the factories' raw sewage is discharged into the Tijuana River daily.
Because pollution threatens San Diego beaches, most of the cleanup is paid for by the United States and California governments.
Although consumers pay less for goods from these companies, they are paying for their manufacture in the form of higher taxes for environmental cleanup. Industries with shrinking markets in developed countries due to environmental concerns have begun to advertise vigorously in the Third World.
For example, DDT production, led by United States and Canadian companies, is at an all-time high even though it is illegal to produce or use the pesticide in the United States or Europe since the s.
Industrial waste is handled more recklessly in underdeveloped countries. The New Riverfor example, which flows from northern Mexico into southern California before dumping into the Pacific Oceanis generally regarded as the most polluted river in North America due to lax enforcement of environmental standards in Mexico.
Industrial pollution in Third World countries is not their only environmental problem. Now, in addition to worrying about the environmental implications of deforestationdesertificationand soil erosiondeveloping countries are facing threats of pollution that come from development, industrialization, poverty, and war.
The number of gasoline-powered vehicles in use worldwide is expected to double to one billion in the next 40 years, adding to air pollution problems. Mexico Cityfor example, has had air pollution episodes so severe that the government temporarily closed schools and factories.
Much of the autoindustry growth will take place in developing countries, where the automobile population is rapidly increasing. In the Third World, the effects of water pollution are felt in the form of high rates of death from choleratyphoid, dysentery, and diarrhea from viral and bacteriological sources.
In India, for example, towns and cities dump their human waste and other untreated sewage directly into the Ganges River. Of 3, Indian towns and cities, only have partial sewage treatmentand only eight have complete treatment.
Zimbabwe's industrialization has created pollution problems in both urban and rural areas. Several lakes have experienced eutrophication because of the discharge of untreated sewage and industrial waste. In Bangladesh, degradation of water and soil resources is widespread, and flood conditions result in the spread of polluted water across areas used for fishing and rice cultivation.
Heavy use of pesticides is also a concern there. In the Philippines, air and soil pollution poses increasing health risks, especially in urban areas. Industrial and toxic waste disposals have severely polluted 38 river systems. Widespread poverty and political instability has exacerbated Haiti's environmental problems.
Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, suffers from deforestation, land degradation, and water pollution.From longstanding to emerging hazards, environmental factors are a root cause of a significant burden of death, disease and disability – particularly in developing countries.
The resulting impacts are estimated to cause about 25% of death and disease globally, reaching nearly 35% in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa (1).
The Environmental Consequences of Globalization: A Country-Specific Time-Series Analysis Developing countries, Environmental quality, Globalization, Time-series analysis, Trade. 3 openness causes significant environmental degradation. Environmental degradation is a result of socio-economical, technological and institutional activities.
Degradation occurs when Earth's natural resources are depleted. These resources which are affected include: In many countries in Africa, crop harvests are falling as consumption increases. People. The major cause of the environmental pollution are modern urbanization, industrialization, over- population growth, deforestation etc.
Environmental pollution refers to the degradation of quality and quantity of natural resources. Third World pollution. As the countries of the Third World struggle with population growth, poverty, famines, and wars, their residents are discovering the environmental effects of these problems, in the form of increasing air, water, and land pollution.
Pollution is almost unchecked in many developing nations, where Western nations dump toxic wastes and untreated sewage flows into rivers.
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