Every week, The WorldPost asks an expert to shed light on a topic driving headlines around the world. That figure has since risen from 51 million people to almost 60 million. The main reason behind the spike in refugees is four years of brutal war in Syria, the U.
During the war 17 million new civilian jobs were created, industrial productivity increased by 96 percent, and corporate profits after taxes doubled.
The government expenditures helped bring about the business recovery that ;had eluded the New Deal. War needs directly consumed over one-third of the output of industry, but the expanded productivity ensured a remarkable supply of consumer goods to the people as well.
America was the only that saw an expansion of consumer goods despite wartime rationing. BYas a result of wage increases and overtime pay, real weekly wages before taxes in manufacturing were 50 percent higher than in The war also created entire new technologies, industries, and associated human skills.
The war brought full employment and a fairer distribution of income. Blacks and women entered the workforce for the first time. Wages increased; so did savings. The war brought the consolidation of union strength and far-reaching changes in agricultural life.
Housing conditions were better than they had been before. In addition, because the mobilization included the ideological argument that the war was being fought for the interests of common men and women, social solidarity extended far beyond the foxholes.
Public opinion held that the veterans should not return jobless to a country without opportunity and education. That led to the GI Bill, which helped lay the foundation for the remarkable postwar expansion that followed. The war also made us more of a middle-class society than we had been before.
It is no exaggeration to say that America won the war abroad and the peace at home at the same time.
But we have much to learn from that achievement as we face our troubles today. Historians, economists, and politicians have long wondered why this remarkable social and economic mobilization of latent human and physical resources required a war.
The answer, I think, is partly ideological. World War II provided the ideological breakthrough that finally allowed the U. Despite the New Deal, even President Roosevelt had been constrained from intervening massively enough to stimulate a full recovery.
By he had lost his working majority in Congress, and a conservative coalition was back, stifling the New Deal programs. When the economy had begun to bounce back, FDR pulled back on government spending to balance the budget, which contributed to the recession of The war was like a wave coming over that conservative coalition; the old ideological constraints collapsed and government outlays powered a recovery.
For a time the government became the purchaser of one-half of all the goods produced by the American people. A magnificent and little-appreciated fact, however, is that even though the government intervened far more deeply than in World War I by imposing wage and price controls and surtaxes, raising funds through war bonds, rationing goods, and compelling industries to work for war production FDR negotiated a sense of partnership rather than simply imposing the government's will.
The stereotype of FDR as a regulation-lover flies in the face of experience in the s, when Roosevelt ended his cold war with business. Wartime planning was far more corporatist than New Deal planning, with far less class warfare. Eleanor Roosevelt was still much more anti-business than Franklin, and was often furious at him.
Afterantitrust enforcement virtually shut down. But, as Secretary of War Stimson observed, "I'd rather have more sinful aluminum now than good aluminum too late for the war. Despite the entente with business, FDR was still willing to go forward on the employment of blacks and women, in part because he believed that full productivity and wartime morale required it.
He also continued to advance trade unionism. He did insist, for example, that Ford Motor Company live up to its responsibilities under the Wagner Act.US Enters the Korean Conflict (Originally published in Social Education, the Journal of the National Council for the Social Studies)..
Background While the end of World War II brought peace and prosperity to most Americans, it also created a heightened state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.
The Yalta Conference, Berlin Blockade, Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were all central causes of the escalating post-World War II tensions between Russia and the United States that would lead to 40 years of Cold War between these two powers.
After World War II, Joseph Stalin saw the world as divided into two camps: imperialist and capitalist regimes on the one hand, and the Communist and progressive world on the other. In , President Harry Truman also spoke of two diametrically opposed systems: one free, and the other bent on subjugating other nations.
World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as.
The battle was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during World War II. It is the largest battle the United States Army has fought to date. In its entirety, the Battle of the Bulge was the worst — in terms of losses — for the American Forces during World .
The formation of the state of Israel A)took place after the end of World War II. B)occurred prior to the end of World War II. C)was opposed by the president of the United States.